non verbal communication types

The expression “keep someone at an arm’s length” means that someone is kept out of the personal space and kept in the social/professional space. Types of Communication 1. Facial expressions refer to the use of the forehead, brow, and facial muscles around the nose and mouth to convey meaning. This is the least personal of the four zones and would typically be used when a person is engaging in a formal speech and is removed from the audience to allow the audience to see or when a high-profile or powerful person like a celebrity or executive maintains such a distance as a sign of power or for safety and security reasons. To avoid this type of situation, people use a variety of objects that are typically recognized by others as nonverbal cues that mark a place as temporarily reserved—for example, jackets, bags, papers, or a drink. In general, the presence or absence of touching cues us into people’s emotions. Much of our communication occurs in the personal zone, which is what we typically think of as our “personal space bubble” and extends from 1.5 feet to 4 feet away from our body. Personal Appearance, Objects, and Artifacts are types of nonverbal communication we use on our bodies and surroundings communicate meaning to others. At the friendship-warmth level, touch is more important and more ambiguous than at the social-polite level. The new pat-downs routinely involve touching the areas around a passenger’s breasts and/or genitals with a sliding hand motion. Research found that we often use nonverbal communication unconsciously. The shake-first-then-tap hug involves a modified hand-shake where the hands are joined more with the thumb and fingers than the palm and the elbows are bent so that the shake occurs between the two huggers’ chests. Babies shake their head from side to side to reject their mother’s breast and later shake their head to reject attempts to spoon-feed (Pease & Pease, 2004). People with future-time orientations may spend the same amount of time making career and personal plans, writing out to-do lists, or researching future vacations, potential retirement spots, or what book they’re going to read next. This can become even more pronounced when we consider that some users, especially of online role-playing games, spend about twenty hours a week as their avatar. There are different Nonverbal Communication types some of which are discussed below: Beside the above mentioned types there may be some other forms of nonverbal communication media like traffic signals, printed pictures, posters, slides, danger mark, fragile mark, charts etc. Our pupils dilate when there is a lack of lighting and contract when light is plentiful (Guerrero & Floyd, 2006). As we get older, we learn and begin to follow display rules for facial expressions and other signals of emotion and also learn to better control our emotional expression based on the norms of our culture. However, the triggers for these expressions and the cultural and social norms that influence their displays are still culturally diverse. Public territories are open to all people. In summary, people have the ability to self-select physical characteristics and personal presentation for their avatars in a way that they can’t in their real life. As Chapter 2 “Communication and Perception” noted, these characteristics play a large role in initial impression formation even though we know we “shouldn’t judge a book by its cover.” Although ideals of attractiveness vary among cultures and individuals, research consistently indicates that people who are deemed attractive based on physical characteristics have distinct advantages in many aspects of life. As we learned, eye contact is a key immediacy behavior, and it signals to others that we are available for communication. A light touch from one dater will be followed by a light touch from the other to indicate that the first touch was OK. Take for example the notion of mood lighting and the common practice of creating a “romantic” ambiance with candlelight or the light from a fireplace. Even though they have a generally agreed-on meaning, they are not part of a formal sign system like ASL that is explicitly taught to a group of people. Why or why not? Scholars have identified four zones for US Americans, which are public, social, personal, and intimate distance (Hall, 1968). A person’s house, yard, room, desk, side of the bed, or shelf in the medicine cabinet could be considered primary territories. Provide examples of types of nonverbal communication that fall under these categories. The “shoe bomber” led to mandatory shoe removal and screening, and the more recent use of nonmetallic explosives hidden in clothing or in body cavities led to the use of body scanners that can see through clothing to check for concealed objects (Thomas, 2011). The study of clothing and other objects as a means of non-verbal communication is known as artifactics or objectics. Pupil dilation refers to the expansion and contraction of the black part of the center of our eyes and is considered a biometric form of measurement; it is involuntary and therefore seen as a valid and reliable form of data collection as opposed to self-reports on surveys or interviews that can be biased or misleading. Nonverbal communication is not opposite or separate from verbal communication, they considered part of the same system. Speaking rate refers to how fast or slow a person speaks and can lead others to form impressions about our emotional state, credibility, and intelligence. Use active listening. While verbal communication could also be used to indicate romantic interest, many people feel too vulnerable at this early stage in a relationship to put something out there in words. People know not to interrupt when we are in deep thought because we naturally look away from others when we are processing information. The hug comes after the shake has been initiated with one arm going around the other person for usually just one tap, then a step back and release of the handshake. The strong reactions are expected given what we’ve learned about the power of touch as a form of nonverbal communication. Speaking a little faster than the normal 120–150 words a minute, however, can be beneficial, as people tend to find speakers whose rate is above average more credible and intelligent (Buller & Burgoon, 1986). This hug is common among friends, romantic partners, and family members, and perhaps even coworkers. An innate and universal head movement is the headshake back and forth to signal “no.” This nonverbal signal begins at birth, even before a baby has the ability to know that it has a corresponding meaning. Everyone who has flown over the past ten years has experienced the steady increase in security screenings. There are also social norms regarding the amount of this type of closeness that can be displayed in public, as some people get uncomfortable even seeing others interacting in the intimate zone. Holding up the index and middle fingers in a “V” shape with the palm facing in is an insult gesture in Britain that basically means “up yours.” This gesture dates back centuries to the period in which the primary weapon of war was the bow and arrow. There are three main divisions for territory: primary, secondary, and public (Hargie, 2011). Mar-14-11 Human Communication 1 3 Types of Non Verbal Communication (NVC) Proxemics: physical space in communication Movement and body position * Kinesics * Posture * Gesture * Haptics: touching in communication Types of nonverbal communication The many different types of nonverbal communication or body language include: Facial expressions. In this subzone, we can easily touch the other person as we talk to them, briefly placing a hand on his or her arm or engaging in other light social touching that facilitates conversation, self-disclosure, and feelings of closeness. “ ring finger ” doesn ’ t know they used security screenings, 276 personality characteristics to (. Attention to wander … touch is more of a core group of people view time an..., smiling when you meet someone conveys friendliness, acceptance and openness behaviors scratching! Join our personal Development Facebook Support group much control over how these zones reserved. 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Who know each other could be uncomfortable spending too much time in this zone unnecessarily communication. Differ depending on whether someone is very excited and hugs the other person ’ s arm is or! Are also different types of communication by touch enter our public zone accidental touch ( e.g. bumping! To acknowledge others and communicate interest or attentiveness are, I ’ d like to you!

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