billion trees project nz

Learn more about the government's 1BT (one billion trees) initiative and forestry establishment grants. The scandal of calling plantations ‘forest restoration’ is putting climate targets at risk, How afforestation affects the water cycle in drylands: A process‐based comparative analysis, report on IPCC recommendations to eating less meat, One billion tree plan flawed, says climate scientist, The unpopular tree sucking carbon from our air, Ecosystem services in New Zealand’s indigenous tussock grassland: conditions and trends, Forest cutting and impacts on carbon in the eastern United States, Vegetation successions associated with wilding conifer management. The programme encourages the planting of native species to improve biodiversity. Over the past 2 decades the trend has been to remove trees and convert farms and native ecosystems into intensive, industrial scale dairy farms requiring investment irrigation, which has led to a (still ongoing) rapid decline in waterways and destruction of wetlands. Eventually, most if this carbon permanently store it underground as leaf matter and dead trees accumulate and are converted to soil. For desperate over-capitalised farmers, plantation forestry is often viewed as a lifeline. The IPCC recommendations to eat less meet and the 2025 government-imposed deadline for NZ agriculture to enter the ETS (albeit with a 95% discount) is placing pressure on the rural sector to reduce emissions. Forestry officials working on the One Billion Trees plan ordered more than one million pine seedlings for a block of land so choked with scrub and weeds the planting couldn't go ahead. They filter clean air, provide fresh drinking water, help curb climate change, and create homes for thousands of species of plants and animals. of NZ’s land mass is agricultural. We also want to make sure plantings take local social, environmental, cultural, and economic priorities into account. “The wider One Billion Trees goal to plant at least one billion trees by 2028 is an ambitious one, but is a commitment from the Government to drive regional revitalisation and deliver benefits to our people and our environment. The new government want to plant 100 million trees over 10 years to support achieving our climate change commitments. And at what sacrifice?” –  ‘The sea of pines that is going to be needed to balance the NZ carbon budget’, Stuff 2019. Pakistan intends to plant 10 billion trees, and India has also shown interest in the project. The one small piece of good news is that unlike other conifers, radiata pine does not commonly ‘wild’. In one area, fallen power lines started a fire. Natives must be eco-sourced and are in short supply, they have low survival rates due to introduced pest species so they must be fenced and a permanent pest management plan must be in place, and technical advice is under-resourced. If you have any concerns or questions about tree species being planted under the One Billion Trees programme please email us at 1BT@mpi.govt.nz. 1st causes significant loss of topsoil due to erosion. Investment: $1.1 million. 4). As Minister of Forestry and Minister of Regional Economic Development, Hon. The programme has the potential to deliver huge benefits for our environment, our people, our communities, and our economy. No detailed budget analysis has ever been undertaken as to the viability of the OBT. This benchmark is called the carbon dioxide equivalent or CDE. The One Billion Trees fund is set to recieve a further $10 million from the Government to help support larger scale planting projects and in turn produce more jobs. President … The preferred method of harvesting plantation blocks in New Zealand is to clear the entire block, leaving nothing but ‘slash’ behind, making the land highly vulnerable to floods and soils erosion (Fig. Some greenhouse gasses stay in the atmosphere longer than others, so time is also included in the equation. The New Zealand Government has developed the One Billion Trees Programme to increase current rates of tree planting to reach at least one billion trees over the next decade. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing their plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. According to the report, the project worth Rs14 billion was completed in Rs19 billion in six years instead of decided four years. NZ First's Shane Jones promoting his One Billion Trees initiative. “…munched on by insects and exposed to microbial bugs in the soil, invading species released 2.5 times the carbon dioxide from the soil into the atmosphere, compared to natives. Find out about the programme and what funding and grants are available. The One Billion Trees project is run by Uru Rākau, a business unit within the Ministry for Primary Industries. A business/financial model that includes the marketing value of environmental accreditation and ecosystem services. When sediment falls into nearby rivers and streams, it can kill fish and other aquatic creatures and pollute sources of drinking water. Contact PF Olsen for more information. We also want the trees planted to be suitable for the site and their intended use. Its recent report on climate change says this won’t get New Zealand to carbon neutrality by 2050 – and the Forest Owners Association agrees. The focus is on making it easier to plant the right tree, in … Their mandate is to work with the Department of Conservation (DOC), Crown Research Institute for forestry (SCION), regional and district councils, and organisations such as the QEII Trust to deliver optimal outcomes at regional and local levels. The one billion trees fund supports increased planting by promoting innovation, research, and workforce initiatives. We want to encourage both permanent and plantation forests made up of exotic and native tree species. Plenty, if you farm in rural New Zealand. As Professor Euan Mason points out, radiata has a ‘…superpower, growing fast and hoovering carbon dioxide while it’s still young, leaving other trees in a cloud of wood-chip.’. This is through targeted investment in tree planting and forest sector partnerships that: We are working with other government agencies to identify and progress projects that will: The Ministry for the Environment website has more information about large-scale planting. We’re offering incentives for you to get involved in planting the other 500 million trees – the right trees in the right places for the right purposes. It helps not to be allergic to maths when grappling with the idea of New Zealand planting 1 billion trees in the next 10 years. Through its prisons and community offender services in the Auckland region, Department of Corrections provides: We want to see trees integrated into the landscape to complement and diversify our existing land uses, rather than see large-scale land conversion to forestry. One billion trees programme. 5), while wilding pines that continue to spread at an alarming rate (see below) were directly implicated in the 2020 Mackenzie fire. 5). In the South Island, the rush is to plant exotic species (Fig. supporting tourism and infrastructure development. The value of harvested forestry also is uncertain, given the Bonn Challenge to restore 350 million hectares globally by 2030 will likely result in a global oversupply of plantation forest products in coming decades. One billion trees by 2028. Currently, around 45% (12.1 million ha.) And because the climate already is passing dangerous tipping points, we need to drawdown greenhouse gasses as fast as possible. The Government has developed the One Billion Trees Programme to increase tree planting across New Zealand. Trees provide so many benefits to our everyday lives. remove chemicals that help break down atmospheric methane. At that rate, not including the added impact of planting five times as many conifers needed to balance New Zealand’s carbon budget, 20% of NZ will be covered in wilding pines, while  the original forestry block owners that planted them are not liable for their costs . Their hope is that by planting a Billion trees they can deliver improved social, environmental, and economic outcomes for New Zealand. The difference in carbon release was thought to stem from the introduced plants’ ‘higher-quality and quantity’ leaves. We want to see innovative ideas, research, and sector development that will improve the way we plant and grow trees. Pine forests leading to an increase in atmospheric methane? 500 million of these trees have already been planned to be planted by the forestry industry , mostly replacing pine trees they are going to harvest over the next ten years. The One Billion Trees Programme isn't just about numbers. According to the report, the project worth Rs14 billion was completed in Rs19 billion in six years instead of decided four years. But not all trees do that same job when it comes to permanently locking away carbon. Although we are Banks Peninsula focussed, we are aware of the same issues around the country.” –  Submission to the Parliamentary Select Committee hearings for the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Scheme) Bill, February 2020. An ambitious plan to plant one billion trees has got another $240 million from the Government - taking its cost close to half a billion dollars over the next three years. 3rd in some areas the trees need to be fertilised because the pines and loss of topsoil has stripped the soil of nutrients. Yet there are many saying it is still in denial of the facts. Indeed, claiming that plantation forestry is ‘forest restoration’ is actually putting the climate at risk (Fig. Crown Forestry is also helping to achieve the one billion trees goal through commercial joint ventures with landowners to plant commercial radiata pine on their properties. Led by Te Uru Rākau – Forestry New Zealand, the Fund provides $118 million for simple and accessible grants to landowners and organisations looking to plant trees. This is often written as CO2eq, CO2e, or eCO2. Because natives grow slowly, the trees don’t store carbon as quickly exotic plantation forests do, so they generate a much smaller revenue in the short term under the current Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). It also provides $120 million for partnership projects that aim to reduce the barriers to tree planting through innovation, research and sector development initiatives. This means that landowners wanting to convert unproductive farmland to forestry, can apply for round $4000/ha for natives versus $1500/ ha for exotics, in order to maximise biodiversity goals and/or provide high-value ecosystem services. Commercial viability for production forests and protection for permanent forests should be thought through before planting. Lewis & Wheeler open access article on the above. Three of these gasses, carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), and methane (CH4) are the main concern. So one billion trees really means around 500,0000 trees. There are two elements of the scheme: individual grants to plant trees, and partnership grants to people or entities who are focused on enabling trees to be […] Northland has roughly 5.1% of New Zealand's land area, so that equates to about 5.1 million trees for Northland per year. 1.5 Million Trees Mayor Goff has committed to planting a further 1.5 million native trees during his second term (2019-2022). Farms, forests and fossil fuels: The next great landscape transformation? Project to improve water quality of Waimea Inlet tributaries, increase saltmarsh habitat, and undertake ongoing weed control to help protect significant migratory bird species. The Government has developed the One Billion Trees Programme to increase tree planting across New Zealand. PESHAWAR (Dunya News) – The Department of Auditor General of Pakistan on Monday has released a report, exposing irregularities worth millions of rupees in Billion Trees Afforestation project. Over the next decade, Australia will need a billion new trees in forestry plantations to meet our future needs for wood and fibre. In spite of objections and concerns from multiple sectors, the agri-industry is promoting OBT as an opportunity for sheep, beef and dairy farmers to integrate forestry (native and exotic) into their business, provided they do their homework and get the correct advice. Shane Jones has committed New Zealand to planting a billion trees between 2018 and 2027. The sea of pines that is going to be needed to balance the NZ carbon budget’, Stuff 2019, Funding to plant trees is available for landowners, organisations, and community group. There are also serious and urgent questions about the financial viability of planting some exotic tree species that may not survive predicted changes to New Zealand’s climate over the coming decades (Figs. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, and the amount in the atmosphere is rising rapidly. Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment: 2020: Banks Peninsular Native Forest/Climate Change Group. It also supports Māori to realise the potential of their land,” Shane Jones said. 3 & 4). The other 50% is intended to be a mix of new plantation forestry and native trees. The one billion figure that gives the programme its catchy name was reached by counting another half a billion plantation pine trees in existing pine forests. For a start, trees require land. The government will provide funding to grow and maintain trees through grants. Fig. Fig. In fact, just the stumps and roots of an already harvested radiata pine forest bring in more revenue than an intact native forest of the same age (Fig. maintain existing commercial forestry levels. The Council’s Berhampore Nursery eco-sources seeds for restoration planting and grows around 100,000 native plants with a range of up to 100 species every year. Most of the damaged trees were immature or so entangeled that the cost of harvesting them far exceeded their commercial value. At current rates, we estimate commercial foresters will plant 500 million trees over the period. It would also sequester around 465 gigatonnes of CO2—almost half of the total atmospheric CO2 increase since the Industrial Revolution.” – Strassburg et al, 2020. University of Canterbury forestry lecturer Dr Euan Mason estimates that because natives are too slow growing, to meet this accounting commitment and limit the impacts of climate change, we need to plant 5 billion of these fast growing radiata pines (Fig. Lincoln University researcher Dr Lauren Waller​ said the exotic plants interact very differently with the animal and soil microbes around them. And it’s the fear that farmland will be turned into pine forest that has some worried about the government’s ambitious target of getting a billion trees in the ground by 2028. For this reason, CO2 is used as a benchmark against which the GWP of all other gasses are measured. The One Billion Trees Programme will support recovery from the economic impacts of COVID-19. Strategically placed (‘the right tree in the right place for the right reasons’) radiata might help NZ meet its 2050 obligations and then act as a nursery for natives to drawdown CO2 beyond 2050. There is an increasing risk of wildfires, particularly from pine and eucalypt forests that contain volatile flammable compounds. A forestry company with close links to New Zealand First planned to apply for nearly $100 million under the One Billion Trees programme, which is overseen by the Forestry Minister Shane Jones. Plenty, if you farm in rural New Zealand. Soils are often overlooked when it comes to storing carbon, but in fact soils the Earth’s soils contain about three times the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and four times the amount stored in all living plants and animals. The volatile compounds produced by pine forests (which give them their distinctive smell and make them highly flammable) remove chemicals that help break down atmospheric methane. The goal is to double the current planting rate to reach one billion trees planted by 2028. At the same time right across New Zealand, native forests, grasslands, and wetlands continue to be ‘under attack’ with offenders facing little consequences. The forest industry & bioeconomy. The soils of pine forests that have replaced native hardwoods in Germany do not sequester nearly as much methane as native forests. New Zealand may have started a trend. There are two elements of the scheme: individual grants to plant trees, and partnership grants to people or entities who are focused on enabling trees to be […] We have allocated $35 million from the One Billion Trees Fund for large-scale planting and catchment initiatives. Equally, most of the carbon stored in those wood products, whether it’s paper or houses or furniture, eventually ends up burned or rotting in land fills, releasing the carbon back into the atmosphere instead of permanently locking it away. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing a plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. The Nature Conservancy's Plant a Billion Trees campaign is a major forest restoration effort with a goal of planting a billion trees across the planet. Taking too much carbon and other greenhouse gasses (together called eCO2) out of the ground and burning them to fuel our modern lifestyles, and converting vast areas of the planet from carbon-absorbing forests to carbon-emitting intensive agriculture, is changing the comfortable climate that supported us for 10,000 years. critical life-supporting ecosystem services they provide, maximise biodiversity goals and/or provide high-value ecosystem services, Submission to the Parliamentary Select Committee hearings for the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Scheme) Bill, February 2020, future of carbon prices under the Emissions Trading Scheme, predicted changes to New Zealand’s climate, as the climate changes, alpine-fed rivers are likely to flood more frequently, wilding pines that continue to spread at an alarming rate (see below). Due to impacts of COVID, details of planting dates and timelines are still being determined. Why, what, and how we'll plant a billion trees by 2028. To do this we need to align tree planting with local land-use and planting priorities and strategies. I’ve seen the damage 1-2-3 generation of pines do. Over 100 years, the GWP of methane (CH4) is 25 times that of CO2, so it’s written as 25CO2-e. The Government plans to plant one billion new trees in the coming years. The one billion figure that gives the programme its catchy name was reached by counting another half a billion plantation pine trees in existing pine forests. New Zealand is getting closer to finalizing a plan to plant 1 billion trees, according to Stuff. “Natural regeneration is occurring on Banks Peninsula on a massive scale, but because it is not financially incentivised we increasingly see large areas destroyed by aerial spraying as landowners perceive native vegetation or its nurse canopy as an invasive weed affecting income rather than carbon sequestration with potential to earn income. Get the details of Crown Forestry commercial joint ventures [PDF, 140 KB]. There's $240 million in funding available from the One Billion Trees Fund for landowners, organisations, and community groups to plant trees and improve the way we grow and plant trees. Most were felled and sold for firewood, with stumps bulldozed and burned, releasing the carbon back into the atmosphere (Image: Whitelaw). New growth of native forests spread out  from around these solo mature radiata, and in places where  high winds have felled them, they often serve as protective nursery areas for native samplings to take hold. This initiative aims to use reforestation to improve land productivity, provide alternative incomes (e.g. These compounds become more concentrated as the climate grows warmer and dryer, making the trees even more flammable. Waimea Inlet Billion Trees Project – Phase 2. Landowners and groups wanting to participate in the Government's One Billion Trees Programme are being advised to do their homework before putting shovel to dirt to ensure their project is a success. This is because there are complex fiscal, accounting, and design implications in terms of the location, scale, and purposes of tree planting, and the uncertain future of carbon prices under the Emissions Trading Scheme. In short, while pine forests may mop up carbon, they may lead to an increase in methane, a far more potent greenhouse gas. Department of Corrections. For a start, trees require land. Partnership Funding from the One Billion Trees Fund, Matariki Tu Rākau – community funding for memorial tree planting. New Zealand is committed to achieving net zero emissions by 2050. support economic growth such as high-value exotic and native plantations. 6). The Government is trying to figure out its settings. The Government plans to foster planting of half a billion new trees over a decade, using a mixture of grants, education and co-funding forestry projects with other entities. PESHAWAR (Dunya News) – The Department of Auditor General of Pakistan on Monday has released a report, exposing irregularities worth millions of rupees in Billion Trees Afforestation project. The Government plans to foster planting of half a billion new trees over a decade, using a mixture of grants, education and co-funding forestry projects with other entities. While the title is inspirational, the ‘billion trees’ number is misleading as it includes replacing existing commercial exotic forestry, 50% of which is due to be harvested and in need of replanting just to maintain existing commercial forestry levels. The abrupt felling of so many trees also harms and evicts countless species of birds, mammals, reptiles and insects. submission to the Parliamentary Select Committee hearings for the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Scheme) Bill, February 10, 2020, Biotic interactions drive ecosystem responses to exotic plant invaders, Bugs cause exotic plants to release more carbon than natives, The sea of pines that is going to be needed to balance the NZ carbon budget, Restoring natural forests is the best way to remove atmospheric carbon. The One Billion Trees Programme is a partnership with farmers to help them extract value from their land while contributing to the economy and ecology of New Zealand. 4: Lyn Rombouts among the masses of tree waste or ‘slash’ that washed down onto her Motueka property after heavy rain in February 2018. Climate change is a global challenge. But as the climate changes, alpine-fed rivers are likely to flood more frequently. These costs include the heavy machinery cost of harvesting, shipping costs—mostly to China—and converting wood into products, which are then transported around the globe. That’s still a lot of trees, right? The goal is to double the current planting rate to reach one billion trees planted by 2028. 5: The rush to plant exotic trees is particularly prevalent in the South Island (Image: Stuff). “Our past climate inaction means New Zealand now needs a rather extreme number of trees in a very great hurry. Photo: RNZ / Claire Eastham-Farrelly New Zealand Government Announces Plan to Plant 1 Billion Trees, Get to Zero Emissions The government of New Zealand has just unveiled an ambitious set … methane, a far more potent greenhouse gas, do not sequester nearly as much methane as native forests, 5 billion of these fast growing radiata pines, Modelling by the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment, without any obligation to manage the spread of wildings, the original forestry block owners that planted them are not liable for their costs, serve as protective nursery areas for native samplings to take hold, he 2025 government-imposed deadline for NZ agriculture to enter the ETS, Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Act, 2019 Measuring Emissions: A Guide for Organisations, 2019 Measuring Emissions: A Guide for Organisations. These trees also remove water from catchments already depleted by intensive agricultural practices, and they destroy the hydrology of rivers, leading to floods and erosion. 2). While we can’t undo many of the changes now underway, we can reduce the impacts and adapt to what’s coming, by: “Restoring a third of the areas most degraded by humans and preserving remaining natural ecosystems would prevent 70% of projected extinctions of mammals, birds and amphibians. This funding will provide jobs in communities for the $1.3 billion Jobs for Nature programme. 6: According to Professor Euan Mason, New Zealand needs to sequester 1.4b tonnes of carbon (the area under blue line) but the One Billion Trees project – including the 500 million trees already allocated to replace existing foresty – will supply just 20% of that (red line). The government allocated an additional $240 million to the project, bringing its total budget to $485 million over the next three years. The One Billion Trees project (OBT), run by Te Uru Rākau, a business unit within the Ministry for Primary Industries, aims to achieve this by storing carbon in trees…but is the impetus to plant exotic forestry putting the climate at risk? The GWP of nitrous oxide (N2O) over the same time period is 298, written as 298CO2-e. The New Zealand Government has set a goal to plant one billion trees by 2028. One key reason for planting trees is to reduce the impacts of floods and soil erosion. The New Zealand Government aims to scale-up afforestation to the level where one billion trees are planted over 10 years. In places like Canterbury and Southland, planting exotics is vastly outnumbering native species (Fig. Yet there are many saying it is still in denial of the facts. The One Billion Trees Programme was developed by the New Zealand Government to increase current rates of tree planting, and ultimately the number of trees there are in the environment. This includes: Some greenhouse gasses are many times more powerful than others when it comes to warming the atmosphere. But in reality, planting and maintaining natives is 10-20 times more expensive than planting exotic forestry. So while it’s true that mature wilding conifers do absorb CO2 , they currently cover more than 1.8 million ha of land, causing economic losses in the billions and displacing native species and entire ecosystems that provide(d) essential services that are needed in the face of a changing climate. That’s just 30 years from now, less than the lifetime of plantation of exotic radiata pines. Fig. Clearcutting removes these living sponges and disturbs the forest floor, increasing the chances of landslides and floods, stripping the soil of nutrients and potentially releasing stored carbon to the atmosphere. ‘These were more palatable to insect herbivores, and sped up rates of decomposition by soil microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi,’ she said.” – Stuff, 2020. 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